GAMGI 0.12.3 reviewDownload
GAMGI aims to be useful for: 1) the scientific community working in Atomistic Modelling, that needs a graphic interface to build inpu
GAMGI aims to be useful for: 1) the scientific community working in Atomistic Modelling, that needs a graphic interface to build input data and to view and analyse output data, calculated with Ab-Initio and Molecular Mechanics programs; 2) the scientific community at large, studying Chemistry, Physics, Materials Science, Geology, etc., that needs a graphic interface to view and analyse atomic structural information and to prepare images for presentations in classes and seminars; 3) teaching chemistry and physics in secondary schools and universities, even inviting students to install and run GAMGI at home; 4) science promotion, in schools, exhibitions and science museums.
GAMGI supports the following objects: Text, Orbital, Bond, Atom, Direction, Plane, Group, Molecule, Cluster, Cell, Arrow, Shape, Graph, Assembly, Light, Layer and Window.
GAMGI supports both wired (stroked) and solid (extruded) 3D fonts.
Stroked fonts are needed to show information (as measurements and object identification) on the screen, which needs to be three-dimensional because it will be linked to molecules and other three-dimensional objects. Stroked fonts are relatively simple, so characters can be drawn fast. Measurements and object identification must work in both manual and automatic modes. In the automatic mode, measurements of distances and angles must be recalculated and the results updated in the text objects in real time, while the user manipulates the objects.
Extruded fonts are designed to provide the highest possible visual quality to text objects. These fonts work well with lights and can be very complex, so they are much slower than the stroked fonts.
Text objects can own other text objects only, so they are recursive objects. This gives the user maximum flexibility to manipulate different text fragments separately and compose them to obtain the final result. Text objects can be owned by any other GAMGI object except lights and windows.
Only the low-level engine infra-structure of orbital objects is implemented so far. The goal is to describe: 1) simple hydrogen-like orbitals, s, p, d, f, etc., and its hybridisations, sp, sp2, sp3, etc.; 2) complex representations of the electronic clouds surrounding the nucleus, commonly provided by combinations of Gaussian, Slater and plane wave analytic functions; 3) combinations of numerical functions usually described by spline line coefficients; 4) pseudo-potentials electronic descriptions. The main difficulty with orbitals is to collect the data from files with completely different formats, provided by Gaussian, ADF, DSolid, Plana, etc. and build a common way to handle all this information. This problem must be correlated with the way GAMGI handles input/output data. Orbitals can own text objects, so for example the name of the orbital can be attached to it.
GAMGI handles bonds between atoms as objects owned by these atoms. Each atom can have an unlimited number of bonds. Each bond must have two parent atoms. Bonds can own orbitals and texts.
Atoms are the most important objects in GAMGI. They can own orbitals, texts and are the only objects that can own bonds.
Direction objects were designed primarily to handle crystallographic directions but they should provide useful functionality even in the absence of 3D or 2D cells. The low-level engine infra-structure required to handle direction objects is fully implemented but everything else is not done yet. Direction objects must handle 3- and 4- (for hexagonal lattices) crystallographic indices notations, and all the related crystallographic relations provided by direct- and reciprocal-lattice representations. Users should be able to choose directions of atoms in cells, clusters or molecules, automatically producing direction objects reproducing those directions, including the atoms and its child, bonds, orbitals and texts, and then handle these new direction objects as totally independent viewing and building tools. Direction objects can own atoms, orbitals and texts.
Plane objects were designed primarily to handle crystallographic planes but they should provide useful functionality even in the absence of 3D periodic objects (cells). Plane objects can own directions, atoms, orbitals and texts. The low-level engine infra-structure required to handle plane objects is fully implemented but everything else is not done yet. Plane objects must handle Miller and Miller-Bravais indices and all the related crystallographic relations provided by direct- and reciprocal-lattice representations. Users should be able to choose planes of atoms in cells, clusters or molecules, automatically producing plane objects reproducing those planes, including the atoms and its child, bonds, orbitals and texts, and then handle these new plane objects as totally independent viewing and building tools.
Group is an object container designed to handle a fragment of a molecule, a residue of a protein, a mero of a polymer chain, or other chemical species. Group objects can own an unlimited number of other chemical species as groups, atoms, and related objects as texts, orbitals, directions and planes. A group is therefore a recursive object, with unlimited nested levels, and its properties should reflect the child chemical features. For example, an amino-acid has amino NH2 and carboxylic acid COOH groups, the later in turn contains an hydroxyl group OH. Currently Group objects can be created only from XML files. Mechanisms to measure length, angle and torsion measurements in groups of atoms are already in place and tested. Algorithms and tools to modify length, angle and torsion values, in both open and cyclic structures have been implemented and fully tested. Everything else is not done yet.
Molecule objects are essentially containers, objects whose primary purpose is to own other objects, as atoms and bonds. Molecules can own groups, planes, directions, atoms, orbitals and texts. Currently Group objects can be created only from XML files. Mechanisms to measure the point symmetry in molecules are already in place and tested. Everything else is not done yet.
Cluster is an object container, designed to contain an unlimited number of chemical species as child objects, including other clusters, molecules, groups, atoms and related objects as texts, orbitals, directions and planes. A cluster is therefore a recursive object, with unlimited nested levels, and its properties should reflect the child chemical features. Currently Cluster objects can be created only from XML files. Mechanisms to determine the Voronoi tesselation of a cluster are already in place and tested. Everything else is not done yet.
All the GAMGI functionality related with atomic structures with periodic boundary conditions is handled by cell objects. Crystalline structures can be created indicating either a crystalline lattice and a motif or a space group and an asymmetric unit. The 14 Bravais lattices can be represented by Conventional, Primitive and Wigner-Seitz cells, plus Rhombus and Sphere volumes. Users can choose the number of cells, the volume size, the cell positioning, the type of cell borders, solid or wired cell representations, and the cell color. Any Cluster, Molecule, Group, Atom or even Orbital, Text object can be used as a valid motif to construct a periodic structure. GAMGI provides powerful yet simple pattern rules to indicate which lattice nodes should be filled, this way allowing users to create complex mixed structures that can be used to study liquids and other non-periodic systems. In particular, these pattern rules can be used to build 2D and 1D periodic and non-periodic structures. The space group functionality is not implemented yet.
Arrow objects include different types of 2D and 3D arrows, which are not text objects but are very useful to prepare images containing atomic structures, graphs, text, etc., for presentations at seminars or school teaching, or for producing printed images for articles or books. Arrow objects can own text objects (only). This is useful for example to add an equilibrium constant over a double arrow symbolising a chemical equilibrium. The low-level engine infra-structure required to handle arrow objects is fully implemented but everything else is not done yet.
Shape objects describe backgrounds, boxes, circles, ellipses, diamonds, etc. designed to make an image for a presentation more clear and pretty. The aim is therefore to fill the gap between text and arrow objects. Shape objects can own text objects only. This is useful, for example to include a message in a box. Nice functionality to have in GAMGI shape objects includes: 1) several styles should be provided for shape objects, including solid, contour, partially transparent, etc.; 2) mechanisms should be provided to allow users to choose and apply OpenGL textures, in 2D and 3D shape objects; 3) mechanisms should be provided to allow users to make textures, namely profile gradients, as in the GIMP. The low-level engine infra-structure required to handle shape objects is fully implemented but everything else is not done yet.
Graph objects will be used to describe all sort of graphic information usually related with atomic structures, including for example radial distribution functions and electron density maps. In particular, graphs will be used to represent the copious amount of data often provided by ab-initio and molecular mechanics calculations. Graphs can own text objects only, which will be used for captions, titles, labels, etc. The low-level engine infra-structure required to handle Graph objects is fully implemented but everything else is not done yet.
Assembly is an object container, designed to be fully flexible. An assembly can own any GAMGI objects, including other assembly objects, except lights, layers and windows. An assembly object is therefore a recursive object, with unlimited nested levels. For example, an assembly can be used to associate a graph with a molecule and a cell, to manipulate all of them at once. Currently Assembly objects can be created only from XML files. The graphic interfaces to properly link Assembly objects are not done yet.
Everything related with lightning in GAMGI is handled by light objects. GAMGI lights implement all the functionality provided by the OpenGL specification. This includes directional, positional and spot lights, ambient, diffuse and specular light components, and axial and radial light attenuations. The maximum number of lights that each layer can own is fixed by the graphics library used with GAMGI. In Mesa this number is currently 8, the minimum required by the OpenGL specification. However, as the number of layers that each window can own is unlimited, the same is true for the total number of lights per image. Lights are the only objects in GAMGI that cannot own other objects.
GAMGI supports multiple, unlimited, layers for each window, allowing users to move and copy objects between different layers and see multiple layers simultaneously, if they wish. A layer can own all kinds of GAMGI objects, except bonds, windows and layers. In particular, layers are the only GAMGI objects that can own lights. Most of the layer functionality is already in place, including perspective and orthographic projections, full control over projection and model view (like a photographic camera) parameters, inside and outside visibility, background color, plus undo and save history mechanisms to keep and recover the whole contents of each layer, for as many levels as previously defined. Perspective projection is better to simulate realistic views but the orthographic projection (mostly used in architecture) is usually preferred for most work related with building and viewing structures, because these are not distorted by perspective. The projection parameters, that control the matrix transformations related with the projection of the 3D space on the screen, are fully controlled by the users.
GAMGI supports multiple, unlimited, windows, which allow users to easily move and copy objects between them. Window objects are truely independent, so they can be opened and closed in any order. Windows can own layer objects only, describing the various graphic layers created by the user for each window. The low-level engine infra-structure required to move and copy objects between windows is fully implemented but the high-level interfaces are not done yet.
What's New in This Release:
Global selection between layers is implemented, making object linking operations much easier. Implemented the dialog Atom->Copy.
Implemented the Link All method in the Window->Link dialog.
Reorganized the Gtk window code. Wrote documentation for the Object->Link dialogs and Atom->Copy.
Updated the documentation for Object->Measure dialogs, plus Plane->Create and Direction->Create dialogs.
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