PostGIS adds support for geographic objects to the PostgreSQL object-relational database
PostGIS adds support for geographic objects to the PostgreSQL object-relational database. In effect, PostGIS "spatially enables" the PostgreSQL server, allowing it to be used as a backend spatial database for geographic information systems (GIS), much like ESRI's SDE or Oracle's Spatial extension.
PostGIS follows the OpenGIS "Simple Features Specification for SQL" and will be submitted for conformance testing at version 1.0.
PostGIS has been developed by Refractions Research Inc as a research project in open source spatial database technology. PostGIS is released under the GNU General Public License. Our list of future projects includes enhanced technology for data loading and dumping, user interface tools for direct data access and manipulation, and support for advanced topologies at the server side, such as coverages, networks, and surfaces.
There are now several open source tools which work with PostGIS. The uDig project is working on a full read amd write desktop environment that can work with PostGIS directly.
For internet mapping, the University of Minnesota Mapserver can use PostGIS as a data source. The GeoTools Java GIS toolkit has PostGIS support, as does the GeoServer Web Feature Server.
GRASS now supports PostGIS as a data source, through the PostGRASS driver. The JUMP Java desktop GIS viewer has a simple plugin for reading PostGIS data, and the QGIS desktop has good PostGIS support.
PostGIS data can be exported to several output GIS formats using the OGR C++ library and commandline tools (and of cource with the bundled Shape file dumper). And of course any language which can work with PostgreSQL can work with PostGIS -- the list includes Perl, PHP, Python, TCL, C, C++, Java, and more.
Un-tar the PostGIS tar-ball in the 'contrib' directory of your PostgreSQL source tree. You must untar the PostGIS source there or the Makefile will not work. You must have the PL/pgSQL prodedural language installed before installing PostGIS.
tar xvf postgis-0.9.0.tar
createlang plpgsql yourtestdatabase
psql -d yourtestdatabase -f postgis.sql
psql -d yourtestdatabase -f spatial_ref_sys.sql
What's New in This Release:
tags work with support for with postgis the postgis can work the postgresql you must postgresql source for geographic gnu make library the this release within postgis
Download PostGIS 1.2.0
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